A Closer Look at Hysterectomy Cancer Treatment: Part 1

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If you or a loved one have been diagnosed with a cancer that may require the removal of the uterus (a hysterectomy) in order to treat the cancer, Nevada Surgery and Cancer Center wants you to know more about these cancers to help you prepare and cope. Knowing how a hysterectomy could be the best option for a full recovery can help bring a modicum of comfort. There are many types of cancer that can contribute to the need for a hysterectomy, such as endometriosis and uterine cancer. Here are some basic facts for these cancers, and the way a hysterectomy can treat the cancer.

Endometriosis:

Endometriosis cancer starts in the inner lining of the uterus or womb when abnormal cells develop. Type 1 is thought to be caused by excess estrogen and is slow to develop and spread. Type 2 are more likely to grow and spread outside of the uterus, so doctors treat this type more aggressively.

Uterine Cancer:

Starts in the muscle layer or supporting connective tissue of the uterus. Cancers that start in epithelial cells, the cells that line or cover most organs, are called carcinomas.

More than 95% of cancers of the uterus are carcinomas. American Cancer Society lists three types of cancers

  • Endometrial stromal sarcomas develop in the supporting connective tissue of the endometrium. These cancers are rare, representing less than 1% (1 in 100) of all uterine cancers. These tumors are low grade — the cancer cells do not look very abnormal and they tend to grow slowly. Patients with these tumors have a better outlook than those with other uterine sarcomas .
  • Undifferentiated sarcomas These cancers make up less than 1% of all uterine cancers and tend to have a poor outlook.
  • Uterine leiomyosarcomas start in the muscular wall of the uterus known as the myometrium. These tumors make up about 2% of cancers that start in the uterus.

With all cancers, the preferred treatment is the least invasive for the overall health of the patient. But if the cancer does not respond to other treatments like chemotherapy or other surgeries, a hysterectomy can put a cancer patient in full remission from these cancers.

Dr. Kowalski at Nevada Surgery and Cancer Center (NVSCC) has performed thousands of hysterectomies since she started practicing medicine in 1998. Her book “Not Your Mother’s Hysterectomy” strives to help inform women of their health and options. For an experienced and compassionate doctor, contact Dr. Lynn Kowalski on our website or call 702-739-6467 to schedule an appointment to get on the road to recovery. 

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